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January 14, 2005

今日の通勤CD(モーツァルト・Sym.40,41)

モーツァルト・交響曲40,41番/ブリュッヘン/18世紀オーケストラ(PHILIPS PHCP-10511)
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約半年「今日の通勤CD」を書いているが,モーツァルトの登場はカペー四重奏団の「不協和音」以来2回目。そんなわけでkaorina。にも「モーツァルトなんか聴いてどうしたの?」と言われる始末。なぜモーツァルトを選択したかというと,理由はこうだ。最近子供があまりにも言うことを聞かないのでどうしたものかと思っているのだが,前日kaorina。が「ショスタコばっかり聴いてるからいけないのかなぁ?」と言うのを聞き,教育的音楽はモーツァルトだろ,と勝手に考えたのだ。実際効果があるかどうかはまったく謎だが。
私のモーツァルト嫌いは中学生の時からで,レッスンでやった「アイネ・クライネ・ナハトムジーク」が原因だ。引っ越しで先生が替わってなかなかなじめなかった頃,このアイネ・クライネのレッスンになった。そもそもこの先生は私に対する態度と,ほかの女の子に対する態度がまったく違っていて気に入らなかった。私には何かと難癖を付けて来るのに対し,女の子にはあからさまににやけ顔で,しかも猫なで声でレッスンするのだ。今思えばただのロリコンオヤジじゃないか。そんな時この曲のレッスンになったのだが,最初の回に「ここはこう勢いよく弾いて。」みたいに言われたのでそれを信じて練習していったら,次の回にそのとおり弾いたところ「そんなふうには教えていない。モーツアルトはもっと美しい音楽を書いたんだ。」とか言われたのだ。確かに私の弾き方は教わったとおりにできていなかっただろうし,美しくなかっただろう。しかし,そんなふうに教えていない,というのはウソだろう。少なくとも「美しく」弾けとは言われなかったと思う。そんなこともあってモーツァルトが嫌いになり,モーツァルトは美しい,などということを聞くたびにあのにやけ顔を思い出して気分が悪くなるのだ。最近はモーツァルトは決して美しくないということがわかったので,かなり聴けるようになったのだが。
さて,40番は「悲しみの交響曲」とか言われるように,悲しい曲という評価が定着しているようだが,私はあまり40番は悲しい曲だと思わない。むしろ41番「ジュピター」の,特に終楽章がものすごく悲しい音楽だと思う。古今東西3本の指にはいるくらい悲しい音楽ではないだろうか。特にコーダから先はものすごく強烈にそう感じ,曲が終わると思うのだ,「なんて悲しい曲なんだ」と。そこでなぜそう感じるのか考えてみた。この終楽章は下降音型に支配されている。バッハが下降音型を「神がキリストに姿を変えて地上に降りた」を表すのに使ったと同様,モーツァルトもこの下降音型に何か滅びの概念のようなものを与えているのではないか。約2小節かけて1音くらいの上昇をした後,わずか1小節の間に1オクターブ下降する。これは時間をかけて到達したものがあっという間に崩れ去る,ということをイメージさせる。その原因は何か抗し難い力,つまり神の意志とか宇宙の真理とか,そんなものであり,その力を表すのが冒頭から現れる4音のモティーフだ。努力して何かを手に入れたとしても,結局は滅んでしまうのだよ,という諦めのような悲しさ。私はそれを感じている。これはモーツァルトも関係していたというフリーメーソンの思想だったりするのだろうか?コーダではこの「抗し難い力」と「到達して崩れる」が強烈に主張し,それがいっそう悲しさを増強する。こんなことを以前kaorina。に話したところ,「人それぞれだからねぇ」とまったく相手にされなかったのだが,最近似たようなことを書いているのをどこかで見たらしく,「同じこと言ってる,と思った。」と言っていた。ま,これも人それぞれなのだが。
ちなみに40番の終楽章を同じように聞いてみると,こちらは上昇音型が支配している。そして上昇した後は下降しない(音は低くなるが)。40番は短調で書かれているだけで,実はとても肯定的で,まったく悲しくない曲に感じるのはそのせいなのか,と勝手に納得したわけだ。

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Comments

 こないだはお疲れ様でした。楽しかったっす。
 音型に着目するあたりはさすがですね。たしかに私も40番のフィナーレはあまり悲しい感じがしませんねえ。
 私はモーツアルトならカルテットのd-moll(K421)の終楽章なんてものすごく悲しく感じるけど、どう思います?

Posted by: chachaky | January 20, 2005 at 22:39

>chachaky氏
こちらこそ先日はお世話様でした。
モーツァルトは記事のとおり非常に苦手なので、カルテットはよくわかりません(避けているような状況)。我が家にモーツァルトのカルテットのCDはたぶん件の「不協和音(カペー四重奏団)」しか無い(ということは去年の初夏まで一枚もなかった)ので、そのうち機会を作って聴いてみます。

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